Introdução aos Choros (Introduction aux Choros)


Villa-Lobos wrote the Introdução aos Choros (also known as the Introduction aux Choros) in 1929. The work was dedicated to Mindinha, and had its first performance in Rio de Janeiro, with the Leo Perschi conducting the Orquestra da Radio Nacional, and Menezes playing the guitar.

However, Luis Fernando Lopes believes this work (along with Choros 6, 9, 11, and 12) wasn't completed until the late 1930s or early 1940s.



Magdalena is Villa-Lobos's Broadway Musical from 1948. Stay tuned for a fascinating story!

If you're not familiar with this music, you might want to try's Music Samples from the recording of 1987 concert revival of the show. They give a real fast picture of the kind of music that's in the show.

1948: the Broadway Show

String Trio


Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge

  1. Allegro
  2. Andante Scherzo (Vivace)
  3. Allegro preciso e agitato



This important chamber work for strings was commissioned by the Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge Foundation at the Library of Congress, and received its first performance at a concert at the Library.

Nonetto (Impressão rapida de todo o Brasil - Rapid Impression of Brazil)


The Nonetto (also spelled Noneto) is subtitled "Impressão rapida de todo o Brasil" - "Rapid Impression of Brazil"

One of Villa-Lobos's greatest works, begun in Rio in 1923, and completed in Paris in 1924. Villa-Lobos conducted the premiere of the work in Paris on May 30, 1924. The Nonetto is dedicated to Dona Olivia Guedes Penteado.

"The Noneto achieves what 'tribal' pop aims at, but usually misses." - Wilfred Mellers, Singing in the Wilderness, Urban: University of Illinois Press, 2001, p. 86.

Symphony #02


Symphony No. 2 Ascenção, The Ascension (1917).  The first performance of the work was not until May 6, 1944, with Villa-Lobos conducting the Orquestra Sinfonica da Radio Nacional, in Rio.

  1. Allegro non troppo
  2. Allegretto scherzando
  3. Andante moderato
  4. Allegro

See the Villa-Lobos Symphony Integral Project page for more information on these important recordings.

Choros #02


Choros No. 2 for flute & clarinet (1924) - Max Eschig

Eero Tarasti brings up the possibility of the influence of Edgard Varese, a close friend of Villa-Lobos' during his stay in Paris. Other European influences that come up in Tarasti's analysis (p. 91-95 of his Heitor Villa-Lobos, 1995) are Debussy and Stravinsky.

Bachianas Brasileiras #2


There are four movements, orchestrations of earlier works for cello & piano and solo piano:
Movement Original orchestration Added title

Bachianas Brasileiras #1


Premiere: September 12, 1932, by the Philharmonia Orchestra of Rio de Janeiro, conducted by Walter Burle Marx

1. Introduction - Embolada
2. Prelude - Modinha
3. Fugue - Conversa

Lisa Peppercorn lists the composition dates for BB#1 as 1930-32 and 1936-38. She says: "I believe that the first movement was written only between 1936 and 1938, because until 1936 only the last two movements were ever performed. The first performance of the complete work was given in 1938."

Choros #01


Along with the fifth Bachianas Brasileiras, the first Choros for solo guitar may be the most recorded and performed of all the works of Villa-Lobos.

From nearly 500 YouTube videos (!), I've chosen this one of David Russell playing Choros #1, from RVE TV Classico:


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